San Lorenzo, the early home of the Olmecs is today called San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan:
There is a small museum at the site, one of three villages in the area with Olmec sites. There they sculpted the famous stone heads, ten of which were found at the site.
The site was abandoned in 900 BC for unknown reasons.
The Olmec builders incorporated stone drainage or water conduits constructed from basalt and also erected massive sculptured heads of basalt weighing as much as 20 tons each. They hauled these stones 50 miles from the distant volcano of the Tuxtla mountains near present-day Catemaco.
At another site, Tres Zapotes, archaeologists discovered the first Olmec head and during a 1939 excavation archaeologist Mathew Sterling discovered a stela bearing a long count date of 32 BC.
First excavated by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 and later by Archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl in 1967, the site as mapped by the Coe expedition shows artificial enlargement of plateaus to 150 feet in height on which the Olmecs built their settlement
An extensive system of basalt tiles, some of which are in the small museum at the site, have been proposed as potable water carrying aqueducts.
At San Lorenzo excavators found ten Colossal heads sculpted from blocks of basalt that had been hauled 60 miles from the Tuxtla mountains to the site which at the time was an Island in the Coatzacoalcos River. Head # 1, of 17 so far found and numbered in the order of discovery, is at the Museum of Anthropology in Jalapa, the capitol of Veracruz State.
San Lorenzo, Olmec Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico
Colossal head # 10 sculpted from a block of basalt brought 60 miles from the Tuxtla Mountains in the museum at San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan, Veracruz State, Mexico. The Olmec city on the site was active from 1200 BC to 900 BC on the Coatzacoalcos River drainage system. First excavated by Archaeologist Mathew Stirling in 1941 and later by Archaeologists Michael Coe and Richard Diehl in 1967,
San Lorenzo is a village in the basin of the Coatzacoalcos River where the Olmecs built their first settlements.
One of three villages with Olmec sites, San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan was home to the Olmecs from 1200 BC to 900BC.
There they built a complex of artificial plateaus reaching 150 feet according to the mapping of Archaeologist Michael Coe.
Mexico City Terminal Tapo.
Officially called Terminal Oriente This bus terminal serves the southern and southeastern parts of Mexico including the States of Puebla, Oaxaca, Tlaxcala, Tabasco, Chiapas, Campeche, Veracruz, and Yucatan.
Mexico City’s Terminal Norte also called Terminal Central Norte serves the country north to the US border and includes Matamoros, Nuevo Loredo, Juarez/ El Paso TX, Agua Prieta/Douglass, AZ, Nogales/Nogales, AZ, and as far west as Tijuana/San Diego. The states of Mexico served to the north and west include Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahiula, Nuevo
Leon, Sinaloa, Durango, San Luis Potosi, Tamaulipas, Nayarit, Zacatecas, Guanajuato, Jalisco, Hidalgo, Aguascalientes, Michoacan, Colima, and Queretaro.
Southern and eastern States served: Oaxaca, Chiapas, Veracruz, and Puebla.
Mexico City’s Terminal Central Sur serves the central and southern States of Guerrero Puebla, Morelos/Cuernavaca, Veracruz, Oaxaca, Tabasco, and Chiapas.
Mexico City’s Terminal Centro Poniente serves the central and western states of Michoacan, Jalisco, Guerrero, Nayarit, Queretaro, the State of Mexico DF, and northwest to Sonora, and Sinaloa.
Olmec Head number 10 is displayed at the San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan Museum
Reaching San Lorenzo and the Olmec Homeland:
Bus out of Mexico City Tapo or Norte for Veracruz. From Veracruz head to Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan south east of Catemaco. Then head by local bus to Acayucan where you get a collective taxi for the ten miles to the small farming village of San Lorenzo. (San Lorenzo Tenochtitlan. Just Tenochtitlan on some maps)
From Oaxaca , ADO first Class bus to Coatzacoalcos or Minatitlan bus to Acayucan, taxi to San Lorenzo.
Have lots of small change for taxis and water. (5 and 10 peso, 20 peso max.) Cash is scarce in remote areas of Mexico
San Lorenzo, Olmec Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico was the early home of the Olmec culture.
San Lorenzo now has a small museum and a large sculptured head.