El Tajin, an archaeological site in Veracruz State,Mexico north of the port city of Veracruz and near Poza Rica.
20*28’N, 97*28’W site aligned North/South
Now in a Totonac area, the original builders of El Tajin are thought by some researchers to be Huasatec who started construction in 100 AD. Others believe that the Totonacs where the builders.
Voladores perform a rope and pole dance at the entrance
Notable buildings include the Pyramid of the Niches, reportedly constructed as a calendar with 365 niches built into a pyramidal shaped building in 600 AD
The culture flourished from 600 AD to 1100 AD and ended in 1150 AD or 1250 AD after being defeated.
17 ball courts discovered so far, I shaped courts, depictions of ritual blood letting, piercing of the penis adorn the walls,
500 htrs 30,000 inhabitants
Site aligned North south
El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico, Pyramid of the Niches, 600 AD
El Tajin Pyramid of the Niches
El Tajin Ruin Site
Vera Cruz Vendors sell water and souveneers at the entrance.
El Tajin's Pyramid of the Niches
El Tajin as it would have looked with a stucco covering on the walls and floors and red painted walls as rendered by INAH, the Federal agency that manages the archaeological site in Mexico.
El Tajin's most notable building, the Pyramid of the Niches, reportedly has a niche for each day of the year
El Tajin Can be reached by bus from Poza Rica or Papantla
El Tajin History
El Tajin was destroyed, archaeologists believe, in the 13th century when invaders form the Chicemec culture defeated and burned the city. El Tajin had been abandoned long before the Spanish arrived in 1519.
El Tajin shows influence from Teotihuacan in its early classic stages and Toltec influence in later stages of buildings and art, but the art and building design of El Tajin are unique different than any other in Mexico having a much more fluid and flowery style.
El Tajin's most notable building, the Pyramid of the Niches, is thought by some researchers to be a stone calendar with a recessed niche for each day. The building has six tiers that make a stepped pyramid 60 feet high. Each tier has niches recessed into the wall. A stairway on the east side leads to the top where there had once been a temple.
El Tajin's Pyramid of the niches in an early photograph before the first scientific excavation and restoration, which started on 1943 and ran for 20 years.
Vendors outside don't mind giving a bit of info on bus service. The buses
stop on the main highway in front of the entrance road.
El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico is famous for its Pyramid of the Niches.
The Pyramidal building was constructed in 600 AD at the El Tajin Archaeological Ruin site as a Stone Calendar Building with 365 Niches
El Tajin, Veracruz, Mexico, Ruin Site is famous for its Pyramid of the Niches, show above. Some researchers speculate that the Pyramidal building was constructed in 600 AD with 365 Niches to serve as a Stone Calendar Building.
El Tajin Ruin Site Location
El Tajin archaeological site is located in Papantla, Veracruz State, Mexico and can be reached by bus service from Poza Rica or Papantla.
ADO serves Poza Rica from Jalapa and other cities including Tuxpan. Local buses make frequent runs from the adjacent bus terminal in Poza Rica.
El Tajin ruin is still being studied and not much is known conclusively about the founders. One theory has it as a Totonac city built in the first century AD. El Tajin prospered as one of the largest cities in the classic era until the 13th Century. The complex was abandoned after destruction by invasion according to some researchers.
El Tajin, Veracruz, Mexico, Ruin Site is famous for its Pyramid of the Niches.
Pyramid of the Niches constructed in 600 AD with 365 Niches to serve as a Stone Calendar Building.
El Tajin Pyramid of the Niches, 600 AD, El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz Mexico
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El Tajin Ruin Site Veracruz
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This area was once the only location in the world where the vanilla plant grew.
Because of a unique insect involved in the pollination of the flowers of the vanilla plant, It wasn't until modern methods of propagation allowed vanilla to grow in other areas of the world.
The nearby town of Papantla is noted for its vanilla production
El Tajin Archaeological site is also known for its ballcourts. Seventeen ballcourts have been identified so far and more are suspected to lie beneath the rubble of the city.