|El Tajin Pyramid of the Niches, Veracruz
El Tajin, an archaeological site in Veracruz State,Mexico north of the
port city of Veracruz and near Poza Rica.
20*28’N, 97*28’W site aligned North/South
Now in a Totonac area, the original builders of El Tajin are thought by
some researchers to be Huasatec who started construction in 100 AD.
Others believe that the Totonacs where the builders.
Voladores perform a rope and pole dance at the entrance
Notable buildings include the Pyramid of the Niches, reportedly
constructed as a calendar with 365 niches built into a pyramidal shaped
building in 600 AD
The culture flourished from 600 AD to 1100 AD and ended in 1150 AD
or 1250 AD after being defeated.
17 ball courts discovered so far, I shaped courts, depictions of ritual
blood letting, piercing of the penis adorn the walls,
500 htrs 30,000 inhabitants
Site aligned North south
El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico,
Pyramid of the Niches, 600 AD
El Tajin Pyramid of the Niches
El Tajin Ruin Site
Vera Cruz Vendors sell
water and souveneers
at the entrance.
El Tajin's Pyramid of the Niches
El Tajin as it would have looked with a stucco
covering on the walls and floors and red painted
El Tajin's most notable building the Pyramid of the Niches reportedly
has a niche for each day of the year
El Tajin Can be reached
by bus from Poza Rica or
El Tajin History
El Tajin was destroyed, archaeologists believe, in the 13th century when invaders form the Chicemec
culture defeated and burned the city. El Tajin had been abandoned long before the Spanish arrived in
El Tajin shows influence from Teotihuacan in its early classic stages and Toltec influence in later
stages of buildings and art, but the art and building design of El Tajin are unique different than any other in
Mexico having a much more fluid and flowery style.
El Tajin's most notable building, the Pyramid of the Niches, is thought by some researchers to be a
stone calendar with a recessed niche for each day. The building has six tiers that make a stepped pyramid
60 feet high. Each tier has niches recessed into the wall. A stairway on the east side leads to the top where
there had once been a temple.
El Tajin's Pyramid of the niches in
an early photograph before the first
scientific excavation and
restoration, which started on 1943
and ran for 20 years.
Vendors outside don't mind giving a
bit of info on bus service. The buses
stop on the main highway in front of the entrance road.
El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz, Mexico is famous for its
Pyramid of the Niches.
The Pyramidal building was constructed in 600 AD at
the El Tajin Archaeological Ruin site as a Stone
Calendar Building with 365 Niches
El Tajin, Veracruz, Mexico, Ruin Site is famous for its
Pyramid of the Niches, show above. Some researchers
speculate that the Pyramidal building was constructed
in 600 AD with 365 Niches to serve as a Stone
El Tajin Ruin Site Location
El Tajin archaeological site is located in Papantla, Veracruz State, Mexico
and can be reached by bus service
from Poza Rica or Papantla.
ADO serves Poza Rica from Jalapa
and other cities including Tuxpan.
Local buses make frequent runs
from the adjacent bus terminal in
El Tajin ruin is still being studied and
not much is known conclusively
about the founders. One theory has it
as a Totonac city built in the first
century AD. El Tajin prospered as
one of the largest cities in the classic
era until the 13th Century. The
complex was abandoned after
destruction by invasion according to
El Tajin, Veracruz, Mexico, Ruin Site is famous
for its Pyramid of the Niches.
Pyramid of the Niches constructed in
600 AD with 365 Niches to serve as a
Stone Calendar Building.
El Tajin Pyramid of the Niches, 600 AD,
El Tajin Ruin Site, Veracruz Mexico
Bus Travel El Tajin
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Where Is El Tajin Ruin Site
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This area was the only location in the world where the vanilla plant grew.
Because of a unique insect involved in the pollination of the flowers of the
vanilla plant, It wasn't until modern methods of propagation allowed vanilla to
grow in other areas of the world.
The nearby town of Papantla is noted for its vanilla production
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