The advanced Mayan culture built Chichen Itza as the largest Mayan site in Mexico.
Chichen Itza was built of quarried stone and stucco by the Mayan culture between 300 AD-1100 AD

  • Mayan Architecture
In the 9th Century a Toltec influence introduced northern Mexico architectural buildings that included el Castillo, the ball court, and the Observatory.
Earlier building display a Puuc style of architecture similar to Uxmal archaeological ruin site in northern Yucatan.
  • Puuc Style Architecture
Chichen Itza's Puuc style buildings, called the Nunnery Complex, have prominent figures of the Rain God Chaac on the facade.
Chichen Itza, Mayan  Archaeological Ruin Site, Yucatan Mexico
The Mayans of Chichen Itza built the largest ball court in Mesoamerica.
Also at the Chichen Itza ruin site you find the Temple of the Warriors.  This Toltec-style building stands over 30 feet high and 130 feet wide.  The structure was built in  the style of the Toltecs of Central Mexico,  similar to 8th Century City of Tula. The temple includes a Chac-Mool sculpture at the top.
This round building called the observatory, now inaccessible, is thought to have astronomical alignments for the observation of the equinoxes and the phases of the moon.
Chichen Itza's Temple of Kukulcan, dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl is also called El Castillo.   The temple rises on 91 steps constructed at a 45 degree angle.
One of the highest structures built by the Yucatan Maya. Four stairways lead to the top. These stairways are now closed to the public after an accidental death in 2006.
  • Chichen Itza's
    Temple
    of Kukulkan

    The temple is considered a
    stone calendar building.
    The 91 steps to the top counted
    four times , once for each side
    of the pyramid , equal 364.  
    A final step to the platform
    makes the total 365, the
    number of days in the solar year.
How to Reach Chichen Itza:
  • Bus
Chichen Itza is best reached by bus out of Cancun or the City of Merida.
ADO Buses make three trips Daily from Merida, 6:30 AM, 9:15 AM, 12:40 PM. as of Jan, 2012.   (check ahead, times are subject to change)

  • Air
Flights from Mexico city reach Cancun and Merida.  The City of Valladolid is also a good base for Chichen Itza trips.

  • Auto
Good roads connect the cities in the Yucatan.  A high-speed toll road connects Chichen Itza and Cancun.

ADO first class buses serve Merida and Cancun from Mexico City , Oaxaca, Vera Cruz, and other cities.  
Chichen Itza ADO
  • Advance Maya Culture
Archaeological artifacts and historic records confirm that the Chichen Itza, Mayan  culture was highly advanced in architecture, astronomy, writing, and mathmatics.   

The temple of Kukulkan is dedicated to the god Quetzalcoatl, the northern god called locally Kukulkan.
  • Astronomy
The Temple of Kukulkan is  one of the highest structures built by the Yucatan Maya and is built with four stairways that lead to the top
This temple is considered by some researchers to be a calendar building  relating to the 365 day solar cycle.
The building is also oriented to produce a twice annual equinox event, a shadow in the shape of a serpent that forms on the north-facing staircase on the afternoons of the March and September equinox.
Chichen Itza's early buildings show a style similar to Palenque Mayan buildings while other building stages show a similarity  to the buildings of the northern Mayan at Uxmal,
Later building stages of the 9th century show a Toltec influence.  
Chichen Itza ruin in the Yucatan of Mexico contains buildings  similar in style to the buildings at Palenque to the north west.
The Observatory is thought to have astronomical alignments
Chichen Itza is a Mayan ruin site in Yucatan Mexico noted for its calendar buildings, the Temple Dedicated to the God Quetzalcoatl and the Observatory. The Mayans were advanced in their astronomy, architecture, language, and mathematics.
Chichen Itza ruin in the Yucatan of Mexico contains buildings such as the ball court that are  similar to those at the ruin site of Tula in Central Mexico.
Chichen Itza ruin in the Yucatan of Mexico contains buildings  done in the Puuc style with sculptures of the Rain God Chaac.
March 20-21 Spring Equinox Video of Shadow of snake on El Castillo
video 50 seconds
March 20, 2011
On the side of the North facing stairway, an Equinox event is visible in the afternoon of the Spring and Fall Equinox,  March 20-21 and September 20-21
On the side of the north facing stairway, a shadow resembling a snake is visible on the afternoon of the Spring and Fall Equinox,
Chichen Itza El Castillo
Chichen Itza, The Observatory
Chichen Itza, Ballcourt
Chichen Itza, The Observatory
Chichen Itza, The Observatory Building
  • Where Is Chichen Itza
Chichen Itza lies about half way between Merida and Cancun  
(190 miles) and is served by daily buses from both cities,  
At about 75 miles east of Merida, Chichen Itza is a trip of one and
a half hours.
Chichen Itza  is served by frequent daily buses from Valladolid,
Merida, and Cancun.
The buses enter the site and pick up and drop off passengers.
 A bus ticket sales counter is offered near the gift shop at Chichen Itza.
Chichen Itza,
Mayan  
Archaeological Ruin
Mayan Archaeological Ruin Site, Chichen Itza, Observatory and Ritual Center
The Mayans introduced the concept of zero into their counting system and this allowed them to track and record the movements of astronomical objects such as planets, the sun,  and moon over long periods of time.

Much of Mayan knowledge was destroyed by the Spanish monks who in believing that the Mayan science was witchcraft, burned the Mayan books.  
Chichen Itza Maya Archaeological Site
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