At the first Jamestown Settlement, Captain John Smith became leader of the expedition mounted by the English prospectors. He had help from 12-year old Pocahontas (Mischievous One) who acted as intermediary between her father, the Chief of the Powhatans, and the English. She visited the fort several times in 1608 bringing food for the starving English. She later married a successful tobacco entrepreneur Englishman John Rolfe in 1614 and traveled to England to be introduced to royalty. She later, in 1617, died in England of disease at 20 years of age.
A second group of prospectors arrived with the intent to harvest timber, mine gold, ship goods back to England and search for a water route to the west. Not many survived but they eventually established a colony and as more settlers arrived, they expanded from the island and built the settlement that would later become Williamsburg, the Colonial capitol of Virginia.
Jamestown, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA Travel
At the site of the first fort established on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay, just a few miles away from the Jamestown settlement and Museum, archaeologists recently found the Jamestown fort's original post holes within the Colonial National Historic Park. While they are excavating the walls and post holes of the first settlement, they invite you to stand at the edge of the dig and watch as the ancient mud yields 17th Century shards of glass and pottery.
Near Jamestown, The Yorktown Battle Site
The Yorktown Battle site's historical interpreters re-create events in 1781 when George Washington marched south from New York badly in need of a win for the colonial army. The British had won most of the battles along the coast but when Britain's General Cornwallis put in to Yorktown, fifty miles inland from the Chesapeake Bay on the shores of the James River, Washington seized the opportunity to corner the British army and put an end to the long war.
At the battle site you will also see many men and women dressed as French soldiers because France had come to Washington's aid with an army under Rochambeau and a fleet commanded by Comte de Grasse. The addition of 8,000 French troops and a fleet of French warships bolstered Washington's army of 7,000 soldiers when they surrounded Cornwallis at Yorktown and fired cannons into the enemy fortifications for nine days, forcing the British to surrender.
These events mark a battle in which America finally secured its freedom. The folks at the Yorktown Victory Center and at the National Park Service's Colonial National Park would like you to come to Virginia and enjoy all the action as you learn all about the history of the battle.
While you are visiting Yorktown you can also visit the Jamestown Settlement, a living museum with three replica ships and the replica fort of the first permanent settlement by the British in the new world.
Yorktown is within walking distance of the National Park Service administered sprawling battle site and earthworks built by the colonial soldiers as they rolled their cannon in place and started their nine-day cannon barrage. An 11-mile loop road with parking turnouts and historical plaques makes the battle come alive; dozens of cannon of all sizes are in place for visitors to gain a sense of that time and place.
The Moore House where the British signed the surrender document still stands and on a walking trail you can follow the path of the cannon balls as they rained down on the town destroying nearly 70 per cent of the houses. Nine antique homes still stand, however, some bearing the marks of cannon balls on the scarred brick facades.
For additional information go to www.historyisfun.org, the site for the
The Jamestown Settlement and the Yorktown Victory Center, a State of Virginia run agency, or call toll free 1-888-593-4682 or 757-253-4838.
Combination tickets for both locations, The Jamestown Settlement and the Yorktown Battle Site, about twenty miles apart on the James River, cost $17. for an Adult and $8.25 for a child 6-12 years of age.
For detailed information about the people who dress as Continental soldiers and stage the mock battles at Yorktown in October go to www. continentalline.org
Many other attractions are located close by in Yorktown, Jamestown, and Williamsburg:
At Virginia's Jamestown Settlement, historic interpreters demonstrate the trades brought from England to the shores of Chesapeake in 1607
Jamestown Settlement, Virginia
The Jamestown Settlement,
Museum displays three replica ships that brought Captain John Smith and the first settlers. The ships arrived in 1607 carrying a group of explorers and merchants who intended only to search for exploitable resources and a water passage to the Pacific. They stayed on to found the Nation.
The Jamestown Settlement, the Yorktown Battlefield, and the Preserved Colonial Village of Williamsburg are within Virginia's Historic Triangle and within 20 miles of one another on Virginia's Chesapeake Bay.
Shortly after the settlers arrived they built Americas first commercial enterprise, a glass works near the first settlement. By 1608, the glass works was well established. You can visit a replica building and watch glass artists at work. Watch for the Glass House on the Colonial Parkway.
Jamestown, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA are great places for Vacation Travel.
Jamestown offers the Jamestown Settlement Museum, the Yorktown Battlefield, and the preserved Colonial town of Williamsburg, historic sites just 20 miles apart.
Jamestown, Yorktown, Williamsburg, Virginia, USA are great places for History Vacation Travel.
The Jamestown Settlement Museum celebrates the first successful English settlement in the Americas.
How to reach Jamestown:
Newport News/Williamsburg International Airport (PHF) is a half hour's drive away and has five rental car companies operating from the airport..
Norfolk International Airport (NIA) is forty miles south ( seven rental car companies)
Richmond International Airport (RIC) is 45 miles north with eight rental car companies. ..
The Jamestown Settlement, the Yorktown Battlefield, and the Preserved Colonial Village of Williamsburg are within 20 miles of one another in the Jamestown Virginia area.
Jamestown Settlement Museum