Bus To Tapachula Museum of Archaeology,
Izapa Ruin Site,Chiapas, Mexico
Izapa Ruin Site view of the complex called group F, constructed 1200 to 300 BC
Bus service via OCC (ADO) first class from Oaxaca City reaches Tapachula's OCC Terminal.
From there walk or cab to the Soconusco Museum of Archaeology and take a collective taxi (Van) to the ruin site of Izapa.
The Museum in the center of the city holds many artifacts that came from the ruin of Izapa, an ancient city with Olmec influence that was at its height from 600 BC to 300 BC . The ancient site was settled between 1500 to 1200 BC and sprawls over many miles not far from the modern city of Tapachula.
Izapa Ruin Site, .
The medium sized city of Tapachula where lodging and night life are available, lies within 8 miles of the Izapa ruin site.. The city is served by a major ADO, OCC, and Tika bus terminal. Collectivos headed for the ruin pass by the terminal. The Talisman bound collectivo (Talisman Bridge) makes many runs throughout the day and will stop at the Izapa ruin site.
1500 BC in an area rich in the production of chocolate.
An Olmec influence through trade or migration came into the area and the settlement reached its peak from 600 BC to 300 BC.
The map at right shows the ancient site spread over 200 hectares along a river with an estimated 10,000 people. The area borders present day Guatemala.
Three parts of the site are now open for visits, group F, Group A, and Group B,
A highway project cut through the site and now a paved road joins the three groups.
From the highway a dirt road leads to Groups A and B.
Collectivo taxis stop at the ruin on their way to and from Talisman, the Guatemala border, and the modern City of Tapachula, Chiapas.
Tapachula Archaeology Museum displays examples of plumbate vessels, a ceramic so called because of its shiny surface. The clay along the local river is rich in aluminum ore and this coupled with a firing with reduced oxygen gives the ceramics their gloss. These were traded throughout ancient Mexico from 600 to 900 AD.
A Mixtec artistic influence came to the area of Izapa after 1200 AD and is evident in the use of metal and the application of turquoise, a style found in Oaxaca at Monte Alban's Tomb Seven Mixtec burial. 1200-1400 AD
Olmec artistic style
Modern two-lane blacktop cuts through the ancient site and connects Group F, the red triangular shaped zone at the top with Group B, to the right, and Group A in the center. (A&B are connected by a dirt road)
Some researchers believe that the Olmec culture got ots start at Izapa and then spread north to Veracruz while others see a spreading of the Olmec culture from Veracruz to the Isthmus and to Izapa.
The ruin site of Izapa was at its height from 600 BC to 300 BC. The ancient site was first settled between 1500 and 1200 BC and sprawls over a large area about 7 miles south of the modern city of Tapachula.
To Reach The Izapa Ruin Site
headed for the Guatemala border bridge at Talisman. They run about every 15 minutes and cost about 8 pesos. They start near the market district in the center of the city at a large terminal for collectivos.
The three Izapa sites are spread about a mile apart, one near the main road , Group F, and two a mile distant at the end of a dirt road, group A and B.
The complex was once a huge city but is now not much more than un-excavated mounds except for group F.
The three groups have some unique stone carvings and glyphs, however, and one, a snake or frogs head is made of magnetic stone with the animals snout polarized towards magnetic north.
Hotels, are plentiful in Tapachula near the lively center. (20-45 USD, 200 - 400 Pesos )
The Archaeological Museum in the center houses a great collection of ceramic and stone artifacts from Izapa and the many smaller sites in the area.
(Hotel Plaza Guizar, 200 pesos with air and cable, 01-962-62-6-24-88)
First class Buses reach Tapachula and its terminal a few blocks from the Soconusco Museum of Archaeology were Olmec and Soconusco artifacts from the Ruin site of Izapa are displayed. ADO runs buses south from Mexico City, Oaxaca City, and San Cristobal.
Bus Izapa Ruin Site
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Tapachula Soconusco Museum displays artifacts of the Sonconusco culture of Chiapas.
Tapachula is a large city and offers many hotel options in the center near the area of the Museum of the Soconusco Museum Of Archaeology.
Taxi or walk into the Centro Historico from the OCC Bus terminal for a selection of hotels, restaurants, and sightseeing.
Also find rental cars, beaches, a cruise terminal, and first class bus service to any location in Mexico and Central America.