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Bonampak Murals, Mayan Ruin Site, Chiapas, Mexico
Bonampak Murals: some researchers believe that the murals commemorate a battle and the subjugation of a neighboring city.
Bonampak, an ancient Mayan city, noted for its murals was at its height from 600AD to 1000 AD.
Bonampak is noted for its mural wall paintings in vivid colors depicting events before and after a battle. The ancient Maya City is also noted for having the largest Stele in Mexico, Bonampak can be reached in about three hours via collective taxi or tour van out of the town of Palenque.
At one time the buildings were coated in stucco and painted as the remnants of red paint show
Each small building at the top of the Acropolis houses a sandstone column
From Bonampak's main plaza a stairway leads to the acropolis where three chambers shelter the murals.
Bonampak's murals are in rooms that have stucco carving on the underside of the lintels at the entrance. These carvings are well preserved because of their sheltered place. They depict the slaughter of prisoners.
Bonampak was settled around 200 AD and slowly then flourishing in many building stages until 900 to 1000 AD.
Bonampak was allied with nearby Yaxchilan through a marriage of its king to the sister of the king of Yaxchilan somewhere between 760 and 790 AD.
The Bonampak murals contain a date of 792, the latest date found at the site.
The murals were started sometime in the mid 700s and according to some researchers commemorate a battle and subsequent victory and subjugation of an unidentified neighboring town.
Chaan Muan II the leader depicted as victorious in the Bonampak murals, ruled from 772 AD to 792 AD during what appears to be Bonampak's zenith and its most prolific building stage.
The Bonampak murals show at least 270 people dressed in different ritual costumes and is rendered in colors made from mineral and vegetable dyes that nearby Yaxchilan through a marriage of Chaan Muan II to the sister of the king of Yaxchilan and the presentation of the son of Chaan Muan II as possible heir.
The Bonampak murals also depict the battle and the subsequent torture of prisoners by the removal of their fingernails and they show ritual bloodletting by women piercing their tongues.
The murals were started sometime in the mid 700s and record the subjugation of an unidentified neighboring town by Chaan Muan II who ruled from 772 AD to 792 AD during what appears to be Bonampak's zenith, its most prolific building stage and perhaps its last.
View of the Plaza from the Acropolis
The Acropolis is built on a natural hill that slopes up from the main plaza. A colony of weaver birds fills a tree in the plaza
Bonampak is noted for its murals and for the many stelae that commemorate its rulers. One monument is the largest stone of its kind found in Mexico.
Most notable perhaps is Stele 2 which shows the Emperor of Bonampak, Chaan Muan II who ruled from 772 to 792 AD.
He is accompanied by his wife, the sister of the ruler of nearby Yaxchilan, and by his mother. They are depicted in a blood letting ritual, his mother standing in front of him holds a devil fish spine to perform the piercing. His wife standing behind holds the vessel that will receive the blood for later ritual burning.
The Bonampak Murals occupy 1,600 square feet of wall and ceiling space in three rooms that face the large plaza of Bonampak's main site. According to some researchers, the murals record the preparation for a battle, the battle and the subsequent sacrificing of prisoners and the celebration after the battle.
The leader Chaan Muan II is depicted with his wife, mother, and son. The date 792 AD is so far found at Bonampak, which reached its peak between 600 AD and 900 AD.
Bonampak was at its height from 600 AD to 1000 AD. Bonampak also has the largest Stelae in Mexico. The ruin site can be reached in about two hours via collective taxi or tour van out of the town of Palenque.
The murals at the Mayan Ruin Site of Bonampak in Chiapas, Mexico give the site uniqueness along with its large stelae, the largest in Mexico
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before and after a battle.
The murals were started sometime in the mid 700s. They record the subjugation of an unidentified neighboring town by the ruler of Bonampak, Chaan Muan II. This emperor ruled from 772 AD to 792 AD during what is believed to be Bonampak's most prolific building stage. By 1000 AD the site was abandoned.